Supporting your own menstrual cycle to ensure you are releasing eggs ready for fertilisation. We’re here to help and advise if this is the right treatment for you.
For natural conception to take place, eggs and sperm must meet in the fallopian tube so that a fertilised egg can grow into an embryo that will be nurtured by the uterus into a baby. As an egg grows and matures in the ovary, its container – the follicle – produces hormones that prime the uterus. When the egg is released from the ovary (ovulation), the follicle switches its production of hormones, which act on the primed uterus to encourage the embryo to take and grow. If you don’t ovulate regularly each month, the likelihood of conceiving is significantly diminished.
There are a number of reasons you may currently not be producing eggs. However, regular ovulation can usually be restored using fertility drugs (pills or injections). Around seven out of 10 women taking these drugs will ovulate and four out of 10 will conceive in the first three months. The choice of fertility drug will be made by our fertility experts after careful assessment. Fertility drugs stimulate the development and ovulation of mature eggs to be released ready for fertilisation.
During an OI cycle, you will have ultrasound scans and blood tests to ensure the treatment is resulting in eggs developing and ovulating correctly.
Speak to one of our fertility team if you feel that OI could help you, or for more information.
Bringing your eggs and sperm closer together at the right time for fertilisation. We can help provide all the information you need – and as many answers to your questions as we can – to make sure it is the right choice for you.
Natural conception depends on the sperm and a mature egg coming together in the right place at the right time. The right place is the top of the fallopian tube and the right time is shortly after the egg has been ovulated. IUI stands for intrauterine insemination, the placing of prepared sperm into the uterus at the time of ovulation. This ensures that the timing is right and the sperm are close to where they need to be. IUI is a form of treatment that can increase your chances of conceiving. It is straightforward, painless and relatively inexpensive.
Fertility drugs may be needed to stimulate egg production and ovulation and to prepare the uterus to receive embryos. The sperm can be from a partner or donor.
IUI may be appropriate for you if you have functioning fallopian tubes, are under 35 years old and:
- You have a diagnosis of ‘unexplained infertility’
- You have mild endometriosis (a common condition in which small pieces of the uterus lining – the endometrium – are found outside the uterus, e.g. in the fallopian tubes, ovaries, bladder)
- Your partner has mild male factor problems or an inability to ejaculate during intercourse
- You are a single woman
- You are part of a female same-sex couple
- You want to try a less complex treatment before embarking on IVF treatment.
You will have an initial consultation with one of our fertility specialists to agree your personalised treatment plan. You will be closely monitored by regular ultrasound scans and blood or urine tests. Depending on the number and size of your follicles, and the thickness of your endometrium, an injection may be given to induce ovulation.
The sperm is carefully washed and prepared and IUI performed at the optimum time to achieve a pregnancy.
You’ll be able to take a pregnancy test two weeks after IUI. If this is positive, you’ll have a pregnancy scan with us at Bourn Hall about 35 days after the initial procedure.